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ARRWIP is a group of researchers out of Johns Hopkins University who are examining the intersections of reproductive wellbeing, reproductive justice and the criminal legal system. We conduct research that addresses reproductive health care issues for people experiencing incarceration. Working with key stakeholders, including directly impacted people and policy makers, we aim for our research to contribute to meaningful change in recognizing the full humanity and value of incarcerated people’s reproductive lives. The ARRWIP team situates its work in the knowledge of the intersecting forces of oppression that have disproportionately and negatively impacted Black women and other women of color, who experience higher rates of incarceration than white women.

ARRWIP is led by Dr. Carolyn Sufrin, an obstetrician-gynecologist, medical anthropologist, advocate, and author of Jailcare: Finding the Safety Net for Women Behind Bars.  She has been working on reproductive health issues among incarcerated people since 2006. 


Our goal is to inform and support strategies that will improve reproductive wellbeing for people in custody or otherwise affected by the criminal legal system—including making full-scope, compassionate reproductive health care accessible for people experiencing incarceration and advocating for alternatives to incarceration. The ARRWIP team routinely collaborates with formerly incarcerated people to inform the research approach and data collection tools. 


ARRWIP started with the PIPS project, but has expanded to research projects looking at how to provide medication  treatment to women with opioid use disorder in jails, and how incarceration affects pregnancy decision making, access to prenatal care, abortion, and contraception.

More than 226,000 women are behind bars in the U.S.

How many are pregnant?


Find the latest updates from the ARRWIP Research Team 


  • PIPS Survey Tool: We're happy to announce that the monthly survey tool used to collect data for the Pregnancy in Prison Statistics (PIPS) Project is now posted on our website! To view and download the tool, click HERE. 


  • We've expanded our work beyond the Pregnancy in Prison Statistics project. The name of our research group is Advocacy and Research on Reproductive Wellness of Incarcerated People (ARRWIP). Please note our new social media handles on Facebook and Twitter! We're excited to continue and expand our research!